||1931 – 1942 Hebrew Gymnasium Jerusalem.
1946-1947 Chemistry, Physics and Biology Hebrew University
1947-1948 Geneva University, Switzerland, School of Medicine.
1949-1952 Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School.
1952-1953 - Doctor of Medicine, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School, Under Prof. Saul Adler, Thesis: Nutritional Factors in Culture Media Of Trichimonas as a Bio-assay for Vit. B 12.
||1966 - Senior Clinical Lecturer-Surgery, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical School Jerusalem.
1975 - Associate Professor of Surgery-Hadassah Hebrew University Medical School Jerusalem.
1981 - Professor of Surgery-Hadassah Hebrew University Medical School Jerusalem..
1952-1953 Rotating Internship, Hadassah University Hospital Jerusalem.
1953-1954 Assistant Resident in surgery, Beth Israel Hospital, Harvard-Medical School.
1954-1957 Assistant Resident in Surgery, Barnes and Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis Mo.
1957-1958.1 - Research Fellow Barnes and Children's Hospitals, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis Mo.
1958-1959 - Chief Resident in surgery, Barnes and Children's Hospital, Washington University, St. Louis Mo.
1959-1961 - Fellow in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Barnes and Children's Hospitals, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis Mo.
1961-1963 - Chief Physician Division of Pediatric Surgery, Hadassah university Hospital Jerusalem.
1963-1976 - Chief Department of Surgery and Pediatric Surgery, Central Emek Hospital, Afula.
1976-1989 - Professor and Chairman, Department of Surgery, Pediatric Surgery and Experimental Laboratory, Hadassah University Hospital Mt. Scopus, Jerusalem.
1989 - Research Associate-Department of History of medicine Hadassah Hebrew University Medical School., Jerusalem.