英语, 法语, 西班牙语, 希伯来语
1974 (48 毕业距今)
||Medical School: Hebrew University‑Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel, 1968‑1974.
Instructor in Internal Medicine: 1979‑1981.
Lecturer in Internal Medicine: 1983‑1987.
Senior Lecturer in Internal Medicine: 1987‑1993.
Associate Professor of Internal Medicine: 1993-present.
1987‑1989: Chairman, Committee for Examinations in Internal Medicine, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School.
1989: Acting Head, Dept of Gastroenterology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel. (August through November).
1989: Scientific Secretary, Third International Symposium on Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Jerusalem, Israel.
1989‑94: Contributing Editor, Nutrition Reviews.
1990‑92: Coordinator of a postgraduate course in Internal Medicine for preparation of new immigrant physicians for the Israeli licensure examinations.
1992-93: Visiting Scientist, Vitamin Bioavailability Laboratory, USDA Human Nutrition
||Internship: Rotating Internship, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel, 1974‑1975.
Residency: Internal Medicine B, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel, 1977‑1982.
Fellowships: Dept of Gastroenterology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel, 1982‑1984.
Gastroenterology Section, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, 1984‑1986.
||ECFMG, # 224‑246‑9, July 24, 1974.
Israeli License as a Physician, # 13025, November 11, 1975.
VQE (Visa Qualifying Examination) September 5‑6, 1979.
Israeli Board Certification in Internal Medicine, #7368, May 9, 1982.
FLEX, June 11, 1985.
Illinois License as a Physician, #036‑072255, 1986.
Israeli Board Certification in Gastroenterology, #9568, June 4, 1987.
Israeli Licensed Hypnotherapist #300, 1996.
||Member of the Israeli Medical Association: 1975‑present.
Member of the Israeli Gastroenterological Association: 1984‑present.
Member of the American Gastroenterological Association: 1987‑present.
Member of the Israeli Society of Hypnosis: 1987-present.
Member of the International Society of Hypnosis: 1997-present.